Impact Assessment

Innovative monitoring of CO2 for transport (IMC4T)

Innovative monitoring of CO2 for transport (IMC4T)

Fighting increasing air pollution in cities in a concentrated manner requires an extensive amount of data. For the first time, as part of a pilot project in Nuremberg, an innovative method has been developed to enable the analysis of traffic flows and, subsequently, air quality, by using anonymised mobile network data. The project is a collaboration between sustainability expert South Pole Group, Telefónica NEXT and the data analysis expert Teralytics.

Assessing emissions and air pollution levels

About 19% of global energy use, and 23% of energy & related carbon dioxide emissions, are associated with transportation. Furthermore, it is projected that transport & related GHG emissions will rise by nearly 50% by 2030 and more than 80% by 2050. In this context cities are struggling to estimate GHG emissions and air pollution from transport occurring in their jurisdiction. The complexity and high costs of MRV (Measurement, reporting and verification) for the transport sector represent significant barriers for short-term evaluations of interventions on public transport and the consideration of transport projects under innovative financing instruments. In 2016, this project has successfully developed a methodology to monitor CO2 emissions and NOX pollution levels using mobile phone data in real-time and has tested it in the City of Nuremberg.

Connecting mobile devices with traffic movements

This project aims to explore and confirm the feasibility of new approaches to GHG measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) in the transport sector, using mobile phone signals to gather quantitative information on traffic flows. The project builds upon a study conducted in 2015 under the Climate-KIC GHG monitoring platform (the MRV Sector project), which identified the use of mobile phone signals for quantification of GHG emissions in the transport sector as one out of two very promising business cases. By the end of 2016 the analysis of the project has entered the stage where the approach of using mobile phone signals to monitor GHG emissions and short-lived air pollutants has been successfully tested in the city of Nuremberg. Barriers, such as the requirements of the stringent data privacy laws in Germany and comparison to conventional monitoring models were successfully addressed and overcome. This year’s project focuses on several methodological improvements as well as a concrete product offering for cities.

Interested to participate with IMC4T ?

We’re welcoming:

  • Cities
  • Investors / Donors


The project is led by the South Pole Group and implemented jointly with Teralytics and Telefonica Germany.

Project lead

Denis Jorisch is a Consultant at the South Pole Group since early 2015 and working on topics at the intersection of finance, cities and climate change. Denis has been managing several Climate-KIC projects and he is furthermore actively engaged in assisting in the strategy development of the LoCaL programme until 2020. Prior to joining the South Pole Group, Denis was engaged in the Swiss Climate Foundation where he was responsible for the controlling, reporting and due diligence of energy efficiency and innovation projects in Switzerland. He holds a Master of Science in Atmospheric and Climate Sciences from ETH Zurich.


Denis Jorisch is a Consultant at South Pole Group since early 2015 and has a background in atmospheric and climate science. He is currently focusing on new monitoring approaches in the transport sector on city level as well as energy efficiency projects in the building sector

Denis Jorisch




Global emissions from transport amount to 6.4 Gt CO2eq per year


Increase of 80% in global transportation until 2050 expected


reduction of 100’000$/year on monitoring-costs